Ovary - provision of eggs
The ovary is the primary reproductive organ of women where the eggs mature to their final stage and are finally discharged into the fallopian tube during ovulation. Amongst otheres, it also produces the important female hormones estrogen and progesterone. The ovarian function is controlled by the pulsatile hormones LH (luteinizing hormone) and FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) produced in the adenohypophysis. These hormones are in turn regulated by the pulsatile hypothalamic GnRH (gonadotropin-releasing hormone).
Uterus - implantation and site of development
The uterus is part of the internal female genitals and is located intraperitoneal within the pelvis. It mainly serves as the place of implantation for fertilized eggs and as a receptacle during embryonic and fetal development. Macroscopically, the uterus is divided into corpus, isthmus and cervix. The lumen of the corpus (cavum uteri) communicates with the abdominal cavity via the tubes and is in contact with the vagina via the cervical canal (canalis cervicis).
Vagina - protection of internal genital organs
In humans the vagina extends from the vulva to the cervix, the neck of the uterus and one of its functions is the protection of deeper located internal genital organs. However, it also functions as part of the birth canal and channels the menstrual flow.